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domingo, 28 de febrero de 2016

February 28: Andalusia's day



"Andalusian peasants, don't emigrate, fight."

Blas Infante

Granada is Europe, is Spanish ... But its essence and what makes it so special is that it is Andalusian. And as Andalusia is Only one, deserves a day where it celebrate its uniqueness, and that day is Feb. 28.




A little bit of history.

 

Almost 150 years ago, there was a revolution that ousted Queen Elizabeth II of Spain (1868); that marked the first attempt to decentralize the Spanish State, based in Madrid.

Once instituted the First Republic (1873), one of its presidents, the catalan Pi y Margall, proposed that Spain should take the form of Federal Republic, but this project was never realized.

Some municipalities declared independent cantons, and began to face each other; for example, Loja and Baza, fought against what they understood was the centralism of the Canton of Granada.


Blas Infante
, Father of the Nation Andalusian, published "The Ideal Andaluz" (1918), a book that outlines the basics of andalucismo and creates two of the symbols that represent us: the flag and emblem.

During the Second Republic (1931), the autonomic process Andalusian gaining strength, and for the first time, it begins drawing up a Statute of Autonomy.





In 1936 the "Hymn of Andalusia" premieres Blas Infante had written three years before, is also the first time waving flags together, the Spanish and Andalusian.

A week after the premiere of the anthem of Andalusia, Civil War, broke out, truncating the regional process, and Blas Infante is shot.

After the death of Francisco Franco (1975), Spain is moving towards democratic transition, then the February 28, 1980, when the Andalusians are called to vote on a referendum in which we decided that Andalusia became an autonomy under Article 151 of the Spanish Constitution.



Since that historic day, February 28th is the date that each year, the Andalusians celebrate the "Andalusia's Day".

Andalusia symbols: the flag.


Our flag was created by Blas Infante, and approved by the Assembly of Ronda Andalucista in 1918.

Andalusia has always used the same colors: white, representing peace and green, that represents hope. For Infante, these colors go beyond ... he speaks of the Umayyad green, the color of the badges of the Caliphate of Córdoba. And almohade white, color of other periods of greatest splendor andalusí.




They also represent the Andalusian landscape, green fields and olive trees; and white peoples, orange blossom ...

The symbols of Andalusia: The Shield.


For the shield, Infante was inspired by the shield of the city of Cadiz, which added the slogan "Andalusia itself, for Spain and Humanity".

The main character is Hercules, mythological hero holding two lions between columns.




Legend has it that Hercules separated, with his supernatural strength Africa of Andalusia, and 2 columns were formed at the ends, which are the two pillars of our shield.

Symbolize Mount Hacho in Ceuta and Rock of Gibraltar.

It was also approved in the Andalusian Assembly of Ronda in 1918.



Andalusia symbols: the hynm.


Infante wanted to create an hynm for Andalusia; and for this, first he wrote the letter and decided not to compose original music. It was inspired by a religious song that sang Andalusian peasants during harvest chores, the "Holy God". Then he asked the director of the Municipal Band of Seville, the concertmaster Del Castillo, who adapted the melody to the letter he had written.







Our hymn was adopted in 1933 in the Junta Liberalista de Andalucía and premiered at the Alameda de Hércules at June 10, 1936, a week before the start of the Civil War.

The hymn was appealed to the Andalusians to recover their dignity and their roots, and leave the stagnation that was engulfed Andalusia.





How is celebrated the day of Andalusia.


Andalusia's Day is a public holiday throughout the autonomous community. Usually it celebrates with cultural activities and even placing flags on balconies.

In schools it has as usual go deep into the history, geography, and general culture (poets, writers, philosophers, actors ...) of Andalusian origin and usually made a small party where we sing the Andalusian hymn and we eat bread with olive oil.




La "Junta de Andalucía" solemnly celebrate this commemoration with institutional events, among which are delivering titles of Favorite sons of Andalusia to those persons or institutions related to the community who have excelled both inside and outside its borders.


Happy Andalusia's Day!!




"The only way to fraternity is to practice of tolerance."

Blas Infante

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